seagulls flying above rough waters
Project

Protecting Ocean Life on the High Seas

Protecting Ocean Life on the High Seas
The high seas make up about two-thirds of the world’s ocean, covering the vast expanses beyond the jurisdiction of any country.

Research has shown that the high seas hold some of the largest reservoirs of biodiversity on Earth, supporting abundant fisheries, providing migratory routes for whales and sharks, and harboring remarkable ecosystems such as deep-water corals and other majestic marine life.

But the high seas lack consistent and effective oversight. A patchwork of rules and regulations provides little to protect marine life from commercial activities such as fishing, oil and gas exploration, and deep-sea mining, all of which are expanding.

The designation of marine protected areas and reserves—the equivalent of national parks at sea—would be a good first step toward providing the needed protection. In an area that is part of the global commons, the challenge starts with establishing an international legal instrument to create high seas reserves.

Pew is working to meet that challenge, primarily though the United Nations, which has committed to negotiate an international treaty to protect the high seas.

Project Goals
  • To work with the United Nations and member governments to finalize text for a high seas conservation treaty by the end of 2020.
  • To ensure that the treaty provides mechanisms for establishing marine protected areas and marine reserves on the high seas, as well as a process for conducting environmental impact assessments.
  • To encourage United Nations member states to identify criteria and management proposals for potential high seas protected areas.
Report

通往第一代公 海保护区之路

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Report

地平线之外,距离海岸超过 200 海里的海域称为公海。这些水域不受任何国家管辖,约占海洋的三分之二, 覆盖了地球表面的近一半。这些水域还有很多地方有待探索,但是科学家们知道,它们充满生命,是海洋生 物多样性最大的储存库之一。公海支持着丰富的渔业;为鲸鱼、鲨鱼、海龟和海鸟提供栖息地和迁徙路线; 并且孕育着非凡的生态系统,如深海珊瑚和其他庞大的海洋生物。

Pew Joins Scientists’ Call to Protect the High Seas, and Ensure Sustainable and Equitable Use of Marine Resources
Pew Joins Scientists’ Call to Protect the High Seas, and Ensure Sustainable and Equitable Use of Marine Resources
Speeches & Testimony

Pew Joins Scientists' Call to Protect the High Seas

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Speeches & Testimony

Nichola Clark, an officer with The Pew Charitable Trusts’ protecting ocean life on the high seas project, co-authored a letter published in Science on June 4, 2021, that sets out key priorities for negotiations on an international treaty to safeguard biodiverse waters beyond any nation’s jurisdiction.

Earth
Earth
Quiz

How Much Do You Know About Life in the High Seas?

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Quiz

Beginning 200 miles from coastal shores, beyond the jurisdiction of any country, the high seas are home to a vast array of species and unique ecosystems that help support life on Earth.

Wave crashing
Wave crashing

The Drive to Protect 30% of the Ocean by 2030

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Effective marine conservation can help people and nature, conserving critical marine habitat where species may thrive, and significantly boost the global economy, for example by fostering healthy and sustainable fisheries. Pew is working with partners to ensure that the international community builds on this momentum and support to establish and sustain protections to conserve biodiversity in the most important ocean environments.

Our Work

High Seas Treaty Would Bring Needed Protection
What Are the High Seas?
High Seas: U.N. Has One Chance To Get it Right